The Moon and Sun Letters (حُرُوفُ القَمَرٍِيَّة و الشَّمسِيَّة)

The Arabic letter is divided into two equal groups namely Moon letters and Sun letters. Another layer to this rule in Tajweed is what we do when laam Taarif [ل ٱ] if followed by a noun that starts with a moon or sun letter. This means that the writing and reading of laam Taarif [ل ٱ] depends on if the word it is attached to is a moon or sun letter.

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Hamzatul Wasl – Connecting Hamzah [ ٱ ]

Hamzatul wasl [ٱ] or connecting Hamzah is a little head of the letter saad [ص] sitting upon an alif [ا] at the beginning of a word, either in the beginning of an ayah or in the middle of an ayah. The purpose of the hamzatul wasl [ٱ] is to connect a saakin letter that starts a word. Normally it is not possible to start a word with Sukoon [ْ ], hence the introduction of hamzatul wasl [ٱ], which will then assume a vowel or harakah that connects to the saakin letter.
When hamzatul wasl [ٱ] starts a word in the in the middle of an ayah or when continuing a recitation without stopping, the hamzatul wasl [ٱ] is dropped without pronouncing it at all, the vowelled letter or letter with harakah before the hamzatul wasl [ٱ] then connects to the saakin letter after it. At the beginning of an ayah or after stopping during recitation, hamzatul wasl [ٱ] will assume a vowel or harakah depending on certain rules as outlined.

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Tafkheem and Tarqeeq

اَلتَّفْخِيمُ (Tafkheem) - Heavy letters These are letters with the quality of Elevation (Al-Istia’la)الأستعلاءwhen articulated from the correct Makhraj or point of articulation as explained in the section Makhraj and…

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Prostration of Recitation

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah that when, the son of Adam recites the Ayah of Sajdah (prostration) and then falls down in prostration, the Satan goes into seclusion and weeps and says: Alas, and in the narration of Abu Kuraib the words are: Woe unto me, the son of Adam was commanded to prostrate, and he prostrated and Paradise was entitled to him and I was commanded to prostrate, but I refused and am doomed to Hell.

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Saying the Name of Allah (Al-Basmalah)

اَلْبَسْمَلَة
(Al-Basmalah)

Every surah of the Quran starts with Al-Basmalah, with the exception of Surah at-Tawbah, Q9. To say Al-Basmalah is to say:

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرّحَمٰنِ الرّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah Most Gracious Most Merciful

After seeking refuge in Allah by saying Al-Istiaadha, we then recite Al-Basmalah at the beginning of all the Surah except for Surah At-Tawbah, which does not begin with Al-Basmalah in the Quran. However, one can say Al-Basmalah in the middle of this Surah just as any of the other Surahs if one wishes to.

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Seeking refuge with Allah (Al-Istiaadha)

Reciting the Quran, even as a learner is an act of worship and we need to observe certain etiquettes before dipping into the actual reading of the Quran, some of which are as follows:

  1. Being clean in body and clothing and in the state of wudu (ablution) is highly recommended.
  2. Having the correct intention of it being an act of worship for the pleasure of Allah only.
  3. Being in a state of humility and attentiveness of the mind.
  4. Seeking refuge with Allah and saying the Basmalah.

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