Eid on Friday Juma’ah

I have always understood that when Eid falls on the same day as the Friday Juma’ah, only one of the salat is observed, which is usually the Eid, and Zhur replaces the Juma’ah. But my experience this Eid Al-Adha gave a different understanding. Rather, both situations apply, in which you can either pray Eid, and Zhur instead of Juma’ah or pray both  Eid and Juma’ah.

I asked my friend who invited me for dinner on Eid day and she told me that the Imam can decide either way. I wanted to assure myself of this and I researched the following hadith in support of both situations. Alhamdulillah, for the guidance of Allah (swt) and I sure do learn something new from this Eid.

Shahih Bukhari – Al-Adha Festival Sacrifice (Adaahi)

Narrated Abu ‘Ubaid: …Then I witnessed the ‘Id with ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan, and that was on a Friday. He offered the prayer before the sermon, saying, “O people! Today you have two ‘Ids (festivals) together, so whoever of those who live at Al-‘Awali (suburbs) would like to wait for the Juma’ah prayer, he may wait, and whoever would like to return (home) is granted my permission to do so.”….. (Hadith 68:479)

Sunan Abu Dawood – Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Details of Commencing Prayer

Narrated Zayd ibn Arqam: Ilyas ibn Abu Ramlah ash-Shami said: I witnessed Mu’awiyah ibn Abu Sufyan asking Zayd ibn Arqam: Did you offer along with the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) the Friday and ‘Id prayers synchronised on the same day? He said: Yes. He asked: How did he do? He replied: He offered the ‘Id prayer, then granted concession to offer the Friday prayer, and said: If anyone wants to offer it, he may offer. (Hadith 3: 1065)

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: Ata’ ibn Abu Rabah said: Ibn az-Zubayr led us in the ‘Id prayer on Friday early in the morning. When we went to offer the Friday, he did not come out to us. So we prayed ourselves alone. At that time Ibn Abbas was present in at-Ta’if. When he came to us, we mentioned this (incident) to him. He said: He followed the sunnah. (Hadith 3: 1066)

Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Two festivals (‘Id and Friday) have synchronised on this day. If anyone does not want to offer the Friday prayer, the ‘Id prayer is sufficient for him. But we shall offer the Friday prayer. (Hadith 3: 1067)

Muwatta Malik: The two Ids

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Abu Ubayd, the mawla of Ibn Azhar said, “I was present at an Id with Umar ibn al-Khattab. He prayed, and then after he had prayed he gave a khutba to the people and said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade fasting on these two days – the day you break your fast (after Ramadan), and the day you eat from your sacrifice (after Hajj) .’ ” Abu Ubayd continued,”Then I was present at an Id with Uthman ibn Affan. He came and prayed, and when he had finished he gave a khutba and said, ‘Two ids have been joined together for you on this day of yours. If any of the people of al-Aliyya (the hills outlying Madina) want to wait for the jumua they can do so, and if any of them want to return, I have given them permission. Abu Ubayd continued, “Then I was present at an id with AIi ibn Abi Talib (at the time when Uthman was being detained). He came and prayed, and then after he had prayed he gave a khutba.”  (Hadith 10:10.2.5)

2 Replies to “Eid on Friday Juma’ah”

  1. That is exactly what the quoted hadiths say, concession is granted not to pray Juma’ah on a day the two ids coincide i.e Juma’ah and Eid. After the Eid prayer in the morning, one can go home to pray Zhur instead of waiting to pray Juma’ah. Though the Imam tend to pray Juma’ah so those who wants to pray Juma’ah are not cut off. There is a choice is this and this is one of the beauties of Islam, because Allah does not intend for us hardship in the religion.

    Also, this is a facebook post that says the same from Teachers from Sunnahfollowers website

    IF THE ID FALLS ON A FRIDAY DO WE HAVE TO PERFORM JUMUAH PRAYER?

    Praise be to Allah,

    If the day of ‘Id occurs on Jumu’ah, then salatul Jumu’ah is no longer an obligation upon those who performed the salatul ‘Id. This is based on the following Hadith:

    Zaid ibn Arqam says:

    “The Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam prayed the salatul ‘id and then he gave an exemption concerning the Jumu’ah, saying: ‘Whoever wishes to pray it may pray it.'” This is related by the five and al-Hakim. Ibn Khuzaimah calls it sahih.

    Abu Hurairah reports that the prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam said:

    “Two festivals have occurred together on this day of yours. For whosoever desires, this will suffice for his salatul Jumu’ah, but we are going to perform salatul Jumu’ah.” This is related by Abu Dawud.

    It is preferred for the imam to perform the Jumu’ah so anyone who wishes to perform it may do so as well as those who were not able to attend the ‘id prayer. The Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam said: “We are going to perform the salatul Jumu’ah.”

    AND ALLAH KNOWS BEST

    Laila Nasheeba
    Managing Director
    http://www.sunnahfollowers.net
    — with Hasan Khalil.

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