I have always understood that when Eid falls on the same day as the Friday Juma’ah, only one of the salat is observed, which is usually the Eid, and Zhur replaces the Juma’ah. But my experience this Eid Al-Adha gave a different understanding. Rather, both situations apply, in which you can either pray Eid, and Zhur instead of Juma’ah or pray both Eid and Juma’ah.
I asked my friend who invited me for dinner on Eid day and she told me that the Imam can decide either way. I wanted to assure myself of this and I researched the following hadith in support of both situations. Alhamdulillah, for the guidance of Allah (swt) and I sure do learn something new from this Eid.
Shahih Bukhari – Al-Adha Festival Sacrifice (Adaahi)
Narrated Abu ‘Ubaid: …Then I witnessed the ‘Id with ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan, and that was on a Friday. He offered the prayer before the sermon, saying, “O people! Today you have two ‘Ids (festivals) together, so whoever of those who live at Al-‘Awali (suburbs) would like to wait for the Juma’ah prayer, he may wait, and whoever would like to return (home) is granted my permission to do so.”….. (Hadith 68:479)
Sunan Abu Dawood – Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Details of Commencing Prayer
Narrated Zayd ibn Arqam: Ilyas ibn Abu Ramlah ash-Shami said: I witnessed Mu’awiyah ibn Abu Sufyan asking Zayd ibn Arqam: Did you offer along with the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) the Friday and ‘Id prayers synchronised on the same day? He said: Yes. He asked: How did he do? He replied: He offered the ‘Id prayer, then granted concession to offer the Friday prayer, and said: If anyone wants to offer it, he may offer. (Hadith 3: 1065)
Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: Ata’ ibn Abu Rabah said: Ibn az-Zubayr led us in the ‘Id prayer on Friday early in the morning. When we went to offer the Friday, he did not come out to us. So we prayed ourselves alone. At that time Ibn Abbas was present in at-Ta’if. When he came to us, we mentioned this (incident) to him. He said: He followed the sunnah. (Hadith 3: 1066)
Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Two festivals (‘Id and Friday) have synchronised on this day. If anyone does not want to offer the Friday prayer, the ‘Id prayer is sufficient for him. But we shall offer the Friday prayer. (Hadith 3: 1067)
Muwatta Malik: The two Ids
Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Abu Ubayd, the mawla of Ibn Azhar said, “I was present at an Id with Umar ibn al-Khattab. He prayed, and then after he had prayed he gave a khutba to the people and said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade fasting on these two days – the day you break your fast (after Ramadan), and the day you eat from your sacrifice (after Hajj) .’ ” Abu Ubayd continued,”Then I was present at an Id with Uthman ibn Affan. He came and prayed, and when he had finished he gave a khutba and said, ‘Two ids have been joined together for you on this day of yours. If any of the people of al-Aliyya (the hills outlying Madina) want to wait for the jumua they can do so, and if any of them want to return, I have given them permission.‘ Abu Ubayd continued, “Then I was present at an id with AIi ibn Abi Talib (at the time when Uthman was being detained). He came and prayed, and then after he had prayed he gave a khutba.” (Hadith 10:10.2.5)