Reciting the Quran, even as a learner is an act of worship and we need to observe certain etiquettes before dipping into the actual reading of the Quran, some of which are as follows:
- Being clean in body and clothing and in the state of wudu (ablution) is highly recommended.
- Having the correct intention of it being an act of worship for the pleasure of Allah only.
- Being in a state of humility and attentiveness of the mind.
- Seeking refuge with Allah and saying the Basmalah.
Seeking refuge with Allah(Al-Istiaadha)
Seeking refuge with Allah (swt) before reciting the Quran is a command from Allah (swt) in the Quran when He Says:
فَإِذَا قَرَأْتَ الْقُرْآنَ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشّيْطَانِ الرّجِيمِ
So when you want to recite the Qur’an, seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one). (An-Nahl, Q16:98).
For this reason whenever we start out on reciting the Quran we seek refuge with Allah by saying:
أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشّيْطَانِ الرّجِيمِ
I seek refuge with Allah from Shaytan the rejected.
Situations to say Al-Istiaadha
- When starting to recite Quran from the beginning of a Surah.
- When starting from any other point in the middle of a Surah.
- On resuming recitation from being interrupted, due to external necessity not relating to Quran such as speaking.
- There is no need to repeat Al-Istiaadha, if reading is cut off by sneezing, coughing or talking relating to the recitation.
How to say Al-Istiaadha
- Al-Istiaadha is recited silently when reading alone or silently.
- Al-Istiaadha is recited silently when starting recitation in Salaah.
- Al-Istiaadha is recited loudly when reciting aloud for others to hear.
- If recitation is done in turns like in a classroom or teaching circle, the first reader says Al-Istiaadha loudly and the rest say it silently.