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Hamzatul Wasl – Connecting Hamzah [ ٱ ]

Posted by: Sisterinhijab in Quran, Tajweed
4
Jun
Hamzatul wasl [ٱ] or connecting Hamzah is a little head of the letter saad [ص] sitting upon an alif [ا] at the beginning of a word, either in the beginning of an ayah or in the middle of an ayah. The purpose of the hamzatul wasl [ٱ] is to connect a saakin letter that starts a word. Normally it is not possible to start a word with Sukoon [ْ ], hence the introduction of hamzatul wasl [ٱ], which will then assume a vowel or harakah that connects to the saakin letter.
When hamzatul wasl [ٱ] starts a word in the in the middle of an ayah or when continuing a recitation without stopping, the hamzatul wasl [ٱ] is dropped without pronouncing it at all, the vowelled letter or letter with harakah before the hamzatul wasl [ٱ] then connects to the saakin letter after it. At the beginning of an ayah or after stopping during recitation, hamzatul wasl [ٱ] will assume a vowel or harakah depending on certain rules as outlined.

  1. In the definite article (The) – Laam Ta’arif [ٱل], the connecting hamzah [ٱ] is always read with fatha h[َ] at the beginning of an ayah or after a stop.Example:
    Laam Ta’arif [ٱل] [ٱ] Read with Fathah[َ]
    ٱلْحَمْدُ اَلْحَمْدُ
    ٱلَّذِينَ اَلَّذِينَ
    ٱلسَّمَاءُ اَلسَّمَاءُ
    ٱلدِّينُ ُلدِّين
  2. At the beginning of an ayah or after a stop, when starting recitation with a verbal word that starts with hamzatul wasl [ٱ], if the third letter carries a dhammah [ُ], then read hamzatul wasl [ٱ] with dhammah [ُ].
    Example:

    Third letter with dhammah [ُ] [ٱ] Read with dhammah [ُ]
    ٱقْتُلُو اُقْتُلُو
    ٱنْظُرْ اُنْظُرْ
    ٱدْخُلُوهَا اُدْخُلُوهَا
    ٱحْرُحُواْ اُحْرُحُواْ
  3. At the beginning of an ayah or after a stop, when starting recitation with a verbal word that starts with hamzatul wasl [ٱ], if the third letter carries a fathah [َ] or kasrah [ِ], then read hamzatul wasl [ٱ] with kasrah [ِ].Example:
    Third letter with fathah [َ] or kasrah [ِ] [ٱ] Read with Kasrah [ِ]
    ٱنْطَلَقْتُمْ اِنْطَلَقْتُمْ
    ٱسْتَجِيبُواْ اِسْتَجِيبُواْ
    ٱصْبِرْ اِصْبِرْ
    ٱكْشِفْ اِكْشِفْ
  4. Exceptions to the rules: In the following 5 verbal words, at the beginning of an ayah or after a stop, where the third letter carries a dhammah [ُ], the beginning hamzatul wasl [ٱ] is always read with kasrah [ ِ].
    Example:

    Third letter with dhammah [ُ] [ٱ] Read with Kasrah [ِ]
    ٱمْشُوا اِمْشُوا
    ٱئْتُوا اِئْتُوا
    ٱقْضُوا اِقْضُوا
    ٱبْنُوا اِبْنُوا
    ٱمْضُوا اِمْضُوا
  5. At the beginning of an ayah or after a stop, when starting recitation with any of the following 7 groups of noun words, the beginning hamzatul wasl [ٱ] is always read with kasrah [ِ] irrespective of the vowel or harakah on the third letter.Example:
    Noun [ٱ] Read with Kasrah [ِ]
    ٱمْرَأَتَ اِمْرَأَتَ
    ٱسْمُ اِسْمُ
    ٱثْنَتَينِ اِثْنَتَينِ
    ٱثْنَينِ اِثْنَينِ
    ٱبْنَتُ اِبْنَتُ
    ٱبْنُ اِبْنُ
    ٱمْرُؤٌا اِمْرُؤٌا
  6. In all cases, in the middle of an ayah or when continuing a recitation without stopping, the hamzatul wasl [ٱ]is dropped without pronouncing it at all, the vowelled letter or letter with harakah before the hamzatul wasl [ٱ] then connects to the saakin letter after it.
    Example:

    [ٱ] in the middle [ٱ] dropped in pronunciation
    وَهُوَٱلْغَفُورُٱلْوَدُودُ وَهُوَ لْغَفُورُ لْوَدُودُ
    وَجَعَلْنَا ٱلَّيْلَ لِبَاسًا وَجَعَلْنَا لَّيْلَ لِبَاسًا
    رَّنَّنَاٱكْشِفْ عَنَّا ٱلْعَذَابَ إِنّا مُؤْمِنُونَ رَّنَّنَا كْشِفْ عَنَّا لْعَذَابَ إِنّا مُؤْمِنُونَ
    وَمَرْيَمَ ٱبْنَتَ عِمْرَانَ وَمَرْيَمَ بْنَتَ عِمْرَانَ
    وَٱللَّهُ عَزيزٌذُو ٱنْتِقَامٍ وَ للَّهُ عَزيزٌذُو نْتِقَامٍ

Posts in the series....

  1. The Moon and Sun Letters (حُرُوفُ القَمَرٍِيَّة و الشَّمسِيَّة)
  2. Hamzatul Wasl – Connecting Hamzah [ ٱ ] (This post)
  3. Tafkheem and Tarqeeq
  4. Learning Quran with Tajweed
  5. Prostration of Recitation
  6. Saying the Name of Allah (Al-Basmalah)
  7. Seeking refuge with Allah (Al-Istiaadha)
  8. Sifaat associated with each of the Arabic letters.
  9. Explanation of the Sifaat (Characteritistic) of the Arabic letters
  10. Sifaat – Characteristics of the Arabic letters
  11. Exact point of articulation of the Arabic letters
  12. The 17 Specific Makhraj
  13. The five points of articulation
  14. Tajweed - Introduction
  15. Tajweed ul Quran, So far so good
Monday, June 4th, 2012 at 10:53 pm Leave a comment
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