Every surah of the Quran starts with Al-Basmalah, with the exception of Surah at-Tawbah, Q9. To say Al-Basmalah is to say:
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرّحَمٰنِ الرّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah Most Gracious Most Merciful
After seeking refuge in Allah by saying Al-Istiaadha, we then recite Al-Basmalah at the beginning of all the Surah except for Surah At-Tawbah, which does not begin with Al-Basmalah in the Quran. However, one can say Al-Basmalah in the middle of this Surah just as any of the other Surahs if one wishes to.
Ways of saying Al-Istiaadha, Al-Basmalah and starting a Surah
When starting out to recite the Quran there a four ways of starting with regards to saying Al-Istiaadha, followed by Al-Basmalah and then the start of a surah:
- Cutting all the three off: (Qatul Jami’a) – Say Al-Istiaadha, stop, say Al-Basmalah, stop and then start the beginning of Surah.
- Joining the three: (Waslul Jami’a) – Say Al-Istiaadha, Al-Basmalah and then start the beginning of Surah all in one breathe without stopping.
وَصْلُ الْبَسْمَلَة بِأَوَلُ السّورَة
- Joining Al-Basmalah and the beginning of Surah:(Waslul Basmalah bi Surah) – Say Al-Istiaadha, stop, then say Al-Basmalah and then start the beginning of Surah all in one breathe without stopping.
وَصْلُ الأِسْتِعَاذَة البَسْمَلَة
- Joining Al-Istiaadha with Al-Basmalah:(Waslul Istiaadhal Basmalah)- Say Al-Istiaadha and Al-Bamalah in one breathe, stop and then start the beginning of Surah.
Ways of saying Al-Basmalah between Surahs
Since every Surah starts with the Al-Basmalah and we have to recite it for each surah except for Surah at-Tawbah, Q9. When one finishes a surah and moving on to the next surah in a recitation, there are four ways of reciting Al-Basmalah between the surahs as follows:
- Separating them all: (Qat’ul Kulli) – Finish a surah, stop and take a breathe, say Al-Basmalah, stop and take a breathe and then start the next surah.
- Joining them all : (Waslul Kulli)– Finish a surah, without stopping say Al-Basmalah by joining the last word of the last ayah to Al-Basmalah with the appropriate vowel and then start the beginning of the next surah all in one breath without stopping.
وَصْلُ الْبَسْمَلَة بِأَوَلُ السّورَة
- Joning Al-Basmalah with the beginning of Surah: (Waslul Basmalah bi awalus Surah) – Finish a Surah, stop and take a breathe, then say Al-Basmalah, without stopping say the beginning of the next Surah by joining the last word of Al-Basmalah with appropriate vowel to the beginning word of the next Surah.
وَصْلُ الْبَسْمَلَةِ بِآخِرِ السّورَةِ وَالْوَقْف،ثُمّ الْبَدْءُ باِلسّورَةِ الثّانِية
- Join the end of the Surah with Al-Basmalah, stop and take a breathe, then start the beginning of the next surah. This is not allowed as it appears that Al-Basmalah is the last ayah of the surah that ended.
Levels of Recitation
Levels of recitation refers to the speed at which one recites Quran. There are three such levels as explained in the following.
- At-Tahqeeq : Reciting the Quran slowly while pondering the meaning and applying all the rules of Tajweed in the appropriate way. This is regarded as the best way of recitation.
- Al-Hadr : A fast way if reciting the Quran while still applying the rules of Tajweed.
- At-Tadweer : This is inbetween the above two levels while still applying the rules of Tajweed appropriately.
Posts in the series....
- The Moon and Sun Letters (حُرُوفُ القَمَرٍِيَّة و الشَّمسِيَّة)
- Hamzatul Wasl – Connecting Hamzah [ ٱ ]
- Tafkheem and Tarqeeq
- Prostration of Recitation
- Saying the Name of Allah (Al-Basmalah)
- Seeking refuge with Allah (Al-Istiaadha)
- Sifaat associated with each of the Arabic letters.
- Explanation of the Sifaat (Characteritistic) of the Arabic letters
- Sifaat – Characteristics of the Arabic letters
- Exact point of articulation of the Arabic letters
- The 17 Specific Makhraj
- The five points of articulation
- Tajweed - Introduction
- Tajweed ul Quran, So far so good