Tajweed – Introduction

  • What is Tajweed
  • Makhaarij
  • Sifaat
  • Rules of Tajweed
  • Tafkheem & Tarqeeq
  • Rule of Laam
  • Rule of Raa
  • Qalqalah
  • Al-Ghunnah
  • Rule of Noon Saakinah and Tanween
  • Rule of Meem Saakinah
  • Idgham of two letters….
  • Rule of Madd
  • Madd Asli
  • Madd Far’i

Insha Allah, I will be covering topic from the list above in Tajweed and some inbetween from what I have learnt from my Tajweed study.

What is Tajweed?

Literally, Tajweed means the recitation of the Quran as it was revealed to the prophet Muhammed(swt). Technically, it means excellence and precision in reciting the Quran giving each letter its right in pronunciation and qualities, as well as proper lengthening, assimilation e.t.c.

Knowledge of Tajweed is divided into 3 parts:

  1. Makhaarij: The point of articulations of letters, which means the exact place the letters emanate from.
  2. Siffat: Characteristics of individual letters.
  3. Ahkaam: Rules applied to the letters and recitation in Tajweed.

 

Makhaarij:

This i the point of articulation of the Arabic letters. It is divided into five main parts. Knowing how to pronounce each of the Arabic letters is highly important and a pre-requisite in reading the Quran otherwise, any mistake in pronouncing a letter will completely change the meaning of the word, thereby changing the message of the Quran and we all know this is forbidden. In order not to fall into the forbidden, knowing the correct pronunciation is a highly important element in reading the Quran.

Knowing the point of articulation of each letter in Arabic helps with correct pronunciation, even if one is struggling with pronunciation as it is common with non-Arabic speakers, even some Arabs. The more one practices the easier it becomes with a qualified Teacher versed in Tajweed, who can easily pick up and correct mistakes.

The most important thing to note is that, one cannot learn Tajweed alone without a teacher, neither can you correct yourself.  A qualified Teacher of Tajweed is highly important in the process of learning, as well as practicing of reading the Quran with proper Tajweed.  Some people read the Quran with melodious voice but have no Tajweed, so don’t be deceived by the melody, unless a Teacher listens to you and correct you appropriately.

Each of the Teachers that I learnt from all said the same thing; you can not learn Tajweed by yourself. All the books out there are for guide only, you still need a Teacher to explain to you, listen to and correct you. I needed no telling because I tried it by myself and I failed.

Insha Allah, next post will be on the five points of articulations of the Arabic letters.

Posts in the series....

  1. The Moon and Sun Letters (حُرُوفُ القَمَرٍِيَّة و الشَّمسِيَّة)
  2. Hamzatul Wasl – Connecting Hamzah [ ٱ ]
  3. Tafkheem and Tarqeeq
  4. Prostration of Recitation
  5. Saying the Name of Allah (Al-Basmalah)
  6. Seeking refuge with Allah (Al-Istiaadha)
  7. Sifaat associated with each of the Arabic letters.
  8. Explanation of the Sifaat (Characteritistic) of the Arabic letters
  9. Sifaat – Characteristics of the Arabic letters
  10. Exact point of articulation of the Arabic letters
  11. The 17 Specific Makhraj
  12. The five points of articulation
  13. Tajweed - Introduction
  14. Tajweed ul Quran, So far so good