The 17 Specific Makhraj

The 17 Specific Makhraj and the letters from each

Part of SpeechSpecific MakhrajLetters from Specific MakhrajNo
Al-Khayshum
The nasal passage
This is a single Makhraj for the sound of Gunnah that comes from the nose by blocking the flow of air from the mouth with the tongue [] or lips []. This is inherent characteristic of the two letters that cannot change.1
Ash-Shafataan
The two lips
Between the two lips2
Between the inside of the lower lips and the upper incisors.3
Al-Lisaan
The tongue
The innermost part of the tongue next to the throat touching the roof of the mouth opposite it.4
The innermost part of the tongue towards the mouth touching the roof of the mouth opposite it.5
One or both edges of the tongue, usually the left along with the upper back molars.6
Between the edges of the tongue usually the right and the gums of the front molars, canine and incisors.7
Between the tips of the tongue and the gums of the two upper central incisors.8
Between the upper part of the tip of the tongue and the gums of the two upper central incisors.9
The middle of tongue with the opposite from the roof of the mouth.10
The tip of the tongue near the inner plates of the upper central incisors.11
The tip of the tongue along with its upper surface touching the roots of the central incisors.12
Between the upper surface of the tongue near the end of the tips of the two upper central incisors.13
Al-Halq
The throat
The deepest part of the throat.14
The middle of the throat.15
The nearest part of the throat.16
Al-Jawf
The chest or interior
This is a single Makhraj comprising the empty space of the open mouth for the letters of Madd or elongation preceded by the Arabic vowels.17

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